At our Clinic we value honesty, so we'll say it straight - unfortunately, a scar is for life; it is not just a temporal post-op side effect. There is precious little research and information published about scarring, its management, and available treatments, with acne scarring usually taking the spotlight. Slowly, but the field of wider scar treatment is developing and moving forward. At our Clinic, we source latest technology and keep up to date with the latest proven scientific research, work with medical associations, and rely on our extensive medical background, including decades of experience in operating theatres. You can be certain that we will offer you therapies that deliver real results.
Different types of scars require a different approach, and that is why we offer a wide range of treatments. Deciding which treatment to go for may not be straightforward, and we will help you pick the right option for you. We will be happy to answer any questions during a face to face consultation, and we have provided information below to get you started.
Types of scars:
- Flat, pale scars
- Keloid scars
- Hypertrophic scars
- Pitted or sunken scars (atrophic or "ice-pick" scars)
- Scar contractures
- Hyper-pigmented scars
read more about types of scars HERE
What is a scar?
A scar is a mark on the skin that is left after a wound, injury, burn or surgical operation. Scarring is a natural part of the healing process after an injury. Its appearance and treatment depend on multiple factors.
Flat, pale scars
The most common type of scars is the flat, pale scar. The majority of people have such scar on their body. When fresh, such scars may look angry, red, and then raised - after the wound has healed, but will naturally become paler and flatter over time, as the skin heals. This process can take up to two years, and there will always be some visible evidence of the original wound.
These scars are not usually painful, although they may be itchy for a few months. They may also be quite dark in colour and unsightly. People with darker skin types tend to get pigmented or white scarring. This is often permanent, but can sometimes improve over time.
Hypertrophic scars are the result of an imbalance in the production of collagen in a healing wound. These scars do not extend beyond the margins of the original wound, but may continue to thicken for up to six months. A hypertrophic scar is a red, raised scar that forms along a wound and can have the following characteristics for around two to five years:
1. it can restrict movement because scar tissue is not as flexible as the original skin
2. it heals within the size of the original wound
3. the healing tissue is thicker than usual
4. it is red and raised initially, becoming flatter and paler with time
Pitted or sunken scars (atrophic or "ice-pick" scars)
Some scars caused by skin conditions, such as acne and chickenpox, can have a sunken or pitted appearance. They can also be the result of an injury, which may have included the loss of underlying fat.
Usually, these scars appear on the skin following a severe acne outbreak when the damage of the skin tissue has occurred into deeper layers. Your body would try to repair the lesions but fail to develop enough collagen. As a result, the healing process would be "stalled" and deep pits will form over time.
Stretch marks are narrow lines that occur on the surface of the skin. Doctors often refer to stretch marks as stria. They can appear after pregnancy, as a result of weight gain or due to growth spurts during puberty. Most commonly affected areas are abdomen, buttocks, breasts and thighs. Stretch marks are often red or purple to start with, before gradually fading to a silvery-white colour.
What causes stretch marks?
Stretch marks are the result of the skin rapidly stretching. The middle layer of skin (dermis) breaks in places, allowing the deeper layers to show through.
Hypopigmented scars are often considerably lighter than surrounding skin and tend to be permanent. Hypopigmented scarring is a common complication, particularly in patients who have undergone surgical procedures, deep or medium-depth resurfacing procedures, or have a prior history of traumatic wounds or burns. Improving the appearance of hypopigmented scars has remained a challenge.
Hypopigmented scars are often considerably lighter than surrounding skin and their lighter colour tend to be permanent. In general, the discolouration occurs when normal melanin production within wounded skin is disturbed resulting in dyspigmentation of the tissue. Unfortunately, pigment production is complex and patterns of scar repigmentation are unpredictable.
Hypopigmented scarring is a common complication following thermal damage of the skin, particularly in patients who have undergone surgical procedures, deep or medium-depth resurfacing procedures, or have a prior history of traumatic wounds or burns. Improving the appearance of hypopigmented scars remains a challenge across medical fields.
What treatments are available at our clinic?
Depending on age of a scar and its type, a variety of treatments may be offered in our clinic such as Laser , Fractional Laser Resurfacing , Dermapen , PRP therapy or Endermologie. Scar is unlikely to disappear completely and our treatments or its combination will make it less visible and improve their appearance.
It isn't possible to prevent scars from forming, but there are measures you can take to help your scar be less visible and heal quicker, such as using bio-oil, using silicone gels, and protecting the healing skin from physical friction and sun exposure.
Which treatment is the best?
The decision on what treatment is the best option for a scar can be made by a Medical professional only. Therefore, the best way to find out about the technology, cost and the course of any treatment is to make an appointment for a face to face consultation.
You will not be hustled or pushed into buying anything. The consultation is designed and designated to provide necessary knowledge and understanding of the treatment and the technology used to assist you in making your own decision. Children from 16 years of age can have these treatment at Laserina Clinic if it is recommended by their GP.
The Scar Free Foundation charity set a bold ambition in July 2016. Based on over 15 years of pioneering research in disfigurement, wound healing and aesthetic research they aim to achieve scar free healing within a generation. Till this novice will be transformed from the research based ambitious revolution in skin healing into real post procedure skin recovery process one day, everybody who already scarred because of one reason or another will continue their life journey facing unsightly skin deformation every day and desire to improve its appearance.